# Class 12 Maths NCERT Book

Mathematics – if you love it, you will find it to be almost magical. But if you hate Mathematics, then it will be a curse on your life. However, Mathematics is an essential subject, especially in the Science and Finance stream. The NCERT Class 12 Maths book is loaded with simple examples and explanations to help you in your journey through the world of numbers. If you want your relationship with numbers to be better, you can even download the NCERT books PDF. However, the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF is quite lengthy. You need a good plan if you wish to tackle it. So, why don’t you take a brief look into the chapters in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF? Here are the summaries of the chapters in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF to help you out:

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### Chapter 1: Relations and Functions

The first chapter of the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF teaches you the notions of relations and functions, domain, co-domain and range.

### Chapter 2: Inverse Trigonometric Functions

In Class 11, you came across trigonometric functions. Chapter 2 in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF talks about the restrictions on domains, the ranges of trigonometric functions enabling the visibility of their inverses, graphical representations, etc.

### Chapter 3: Matrix

Matrices are a vital part of Mathematics. Chapter 3 will discuss the fundamentals of matrices, matrix algebra and other concepts related to Matrices.

### Chapter 4: Determinants

In the previous chapter, you learned about Matrices. Chapter 4 in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF will enter into the world of determinants. You will study various properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle, adjoint and inverse matrix, etc.

### Chapter 5: Continuity and Differentiability

In this chapter, you will be learning how to differentiate certain functions like polynomial functions and trigonometric functions. It will introduce you to essential concepts of continuity, differentiability and the relation between them and also, the differentiation of inverse functions.

### Chapter 6: Application of Derivatives

In Chapter 6, you will know how to find the derivative of various functions. In this chapter, you will learn how to apply derivative across multiple disciplines like science, engineering and others.

### Chapter 7: Integrals

Integral Calculus deals with the problem of defining and calculating the area of a region bounded by the graphs of the functions. In this chapter, you will come across a variety of techniques like substitution, the fundamental theorem of Calculus, basic properties of definite integrals, etc.

### Chapter 8: Application of Integrals

How can you apply integrals in specific problems? Chapter 8 in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF will teach you how to apply integrals to find an area under simple curves, standard forms of parabolas and ellipses, and also areas bounded by curves.

### Chapter 9: Differential Equation

Chapter 9 in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF will enter into the world of differential equations. It will give you the basic concept related to differential equations, solving a problem based on the first order, first-degree differential equations, and applications of differential equations.

### Chapter 10: Vector Algebra

Chapter 10 will introduce you to the basic concepts of vectors. It will also have different problems on various operations of vectors. The chapter will also teach you about the algebraic and geometric properties of vectors.

### Chapter 11: Three Dimensional Geometry

In Class 11, you were given a basic introduction to Three-Dimensional Geometry. Chapter 11 in the NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF will teach you the study of the direction cosines, equations of lines and planes in space under different conditions, the angle between two lines, etc.

### Chapter 12: Linear Programming

In this chapter, you will be learning about linear programming and solve problems through the graphical method and some other methods.

### Chapter 13: Probability

In Chapter 13, you will learn the concepts of the conditional probability of an event given that another event has occurred, clarify the Bayes’ theorem, understand the multiplication rule of probability and also, the independence of events.

The Mathematics syllabus is lengthy, but with a solid plan, it will be so much easier for you to deal with it. If you find it challenging to tackle the colossal NCERT Class 12 Maths book PDF at one go, you can opt for two parts of it: NCERT Maths book for Class 12 Part 1 PDF and NCERT Maths book for Class 12 Part 2 PDF. Share this article with your friends and start solving the problems together. Take the help of the NCERT book Class 12 Maths PDF for easy access to a soft copy of the Mathematics book. Best of luck.